Marifah Answers

Non-refundable Deposits

Q: I own a car dealership and sometimes I take a non-refundable deposit from the buyer to ensure the time spent on reserving the car for the potential buyer is not wasted, is this type of deposit permissible? Hanafi: Umar bin Shu'ayb narrated from his father who...

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Property Ownership Dilemma

Q: My father bought the property and added my name and my sister’s. When my sister got married and left, he removed her name. When he died, only his name and mine was on the property. The mortgage was payed by my father, a little by my sister, and I payed the...

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The Misconception of the 20-minute Rule

One of the voluntary prayers that entails a great reward is the forenoon prayer, known as the ḍuḥā’ prayer, the ishrāq prayer, the subḥah prayer, and the awwābīn prayer in Arabic. Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said, “Every...

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Written Divorce

Hanafi: It is well-known in the books of hadith that the Prophet ﷺ wrote to various kings and leaders and the message was binding upon them.[1] Imam Abdullah al-Mawsili (d. 783 AH) says: "Writing is from the allusive statements. So if someone writes the divorce of his...

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Shashi

Principles of Islamic jurisprudenceAn introduction to Islamic Legal philosophyOverview Loosely translated as principles of Islamic jurisprudence, usul al-fiqh is the legal theory that underpins Islamic positive law and practical ethics. The book Usul ash-Shashi is a...

Is being lazy sinful?

Q: Is being lazy at work / not doing job properly or procrastinating sinful? Is the money earned from being lazy at work still halal? A: The money is halal as the employee is employed for their time whether they work or not. The believer should try to be their best in...

Missing Isha Salah

Q: I am always missing Isha because it’s so late. I wake up at 5am everyday (plus multiple times in the night as my daughter is young) and I really can’t stay up for Isha. Is it permissible to combine Maghrib & Isha in this instance? A: You have a few options. 1....

Start of Isha Salah

Q: Technically, when does Isha Salah Start?  Can you read Isha straight after Maghrib? A: It begins when the twilight (red or white) disappears.  The red disappears at -12.5 degrees according to my observations, and the white is about -16 degrees. Answered by Shaykh...

Moon Sighting

Q: Can astronomical data be used to corroborate or reject testimonies of a positive moon sighting in the Hanafi School? A: Most of the texts were against using astronomy in relation to moonsighting.  A minority permitted it. It's worth noting that the birth of the new...

Travelling and Fasting

Q: If I am travelling to Pakistan and my first leg of the flight its domestic to Gatwick and at the time of Sehri I am still at home.  Do I have to keep the fast or can I miss it knowing that I will be on a long journey and may have difficulty In fasting that day? A:...

Illicit language towards the living and the dead

Q: What is the hukum for speaking negatively or using vulgur words against a dead person, muslim or non muslim? A: It should be avoided. The Messenger of Allah said, "Mention what is good about your dead, and refrain from speaking about their evil." Al-Tirmidhi, 1019...

Combining prayers due to Illness

Q: If someone is battling with covid and due to extreme tiredness and pain while struggling to keep up with salah is it ok for them to combine all their prayers as its easier that way? A: No, it is not an excuse to combine. They can sit if they find difficulty...

Photos on display

Q: Is it acceptable to hang family photos in the house?If so can you pray in the room with photos displayed?Is it true that angels don’t visit a place where photos are displayed? A: The ruling pertains to images that can "possess a soul" if half of the body, head, or...

Gifts at Christmas

Q: I have a non Muslim friend who always buys me gifts on both Eids, as we are approaching Christmas is it ok to give presents back, as a goodwill gesture? A: Yes, you can. Not with the intention to venerate Christmas but you should avoid giving it on Christmas day....

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